Communists do not,
therefore, form a party separate from and opposed to other proletarian associations
or, even less, to the organisation of the proletariat. They do not have specific
interests which separate them from the whole of the proletariat. They do not
proclaim particular principles to which they must submit the proletarian movement.
Communists only distinguish themselves from other proletarians in the community
of struggle of which they are a part. In the various struggles they highlight
and assert interests common to the whole proletariat, independent of nationality
("the history of the International has been a continuous struggle of the General
Council against... the national sections"). They always represent the interests
of the communist movement as a whole during the different phases through which
the struggle between proletariat and bourgeoisie passes. Practically,
the communists are the most resolute faction within the proletarian struggle
in all countries. They are the organ which always pushes and carries the other
sectors forward. Theoretically, they have the advantage over the rest
of the proletariat of having a clear understanding of the conditions, the course
and the general results of the proletarian movement.
The specific organisation of communists has nothing
to do with the constitution of a separate party but, on the contrary, it practically
affirms the general tendency for the proletariat to constitute itself into
party, to equip itself with a central organ.
It is evident that this conception of the party
and of the activity of communists opposes itself radically and totally to
all the democratic ideologies, some of which are worth summarising here:
* The theory of communists as repositories
and bearers of consciousness.
* The "anti-substitutionist" theory according
to which communists must not assume practical tasks within the movement (organisation
and direction of action).
* Finally, all the theories which advocate,
in one way or another, the dissolution of the specific organisation of communists
into workers' assemblies or councils.