The Communist Party
is therefore the organisation of the revolutionary class which will bring about
communism. Its essential determinations are those which make the proletariat
into a class: organicity, centralisation and a single historic leadership.
Without affirming the party, even in any embryonic form, the proletariat does
not exist. ("The working class is revolutionary or it is nothing".) However,
the whole process of organising into party is impossible without the long and
indispensable militant work of programmatical affirmation, of consequent practice
and of revolutionary preparation undertaken by communists. It is clear
that the party (just like revolutions) is not invented nor created by revolutionaries.
It is the necessary and spontaneous product of capitalist society itself. However,
this historical necessity does not concretise itself from one day to the next
into the full and complete existence of the worldwide party. The party arises
spontaneously, in that it develops inevitably on the basis of a community of
interests and perspectives, a real community of proletarian struggle.
This inevitable fact can only concretise itself when, at the heart of this community,
communism is simultaneously affirmed as its programme and leadership, prefiguring
the international organ of revolutionary leadership. That is, when this
historical determination specifically concretises itself in a conscious, wilful
and organised action, when a compact minority of solidly organised revolutionary
cadres ("the Communists", as they are referred to in the Communist Manifesto)
affirms the historical programme of the proletariat and assumes the indispensable
task of leadership, not only concerning the objectives of the movement (as the
"life plan" for the human species) but also concerning the strategic and tactical
means for its triumph.
Revolutions and the party cannot be created. The
function of revolutionaries is to lead revolutions and the party. This minority
of communists is a necessary and spontaneous (in the historic and not immediate
sense of the word) product of the organisation of the proletariat as a single
and centralised force and is also the axis around which it realises the inversion
of praxis, permitting its passage from a simple object of this spontaneity
to a conscious subject of the revolution to come.